Flashcards For All Kinds of Verb Practice

Each card in this set contains a subject and a predicate. My class will be work in small groups, practicing the present perfect.

One student will ask a question of the others in his group, using the present perfect. Has Amy written a letter yet?. The next student will answer, Yes, Amy has already written a letter. The next student will answer, No, Amy hasn’t written a letter yet. 

These cards can be adapted to many levels. I also have used them with dice, the six sides of the die each representing a tense. If the students rolls a four,” for example, she might have to express the card in the present progressive tense. Amy is writing a letter. To make the exercise even more challenging, another student may be assigned to say whether the sentence is expressed as a statement, a question, a negative statement or a negative question!   +, -, ?

(The cards may be printed out or used with an opaque projector.)

Comparing, Contrasting and Little Words that Count

To help students listen to each other more carefully, we will have fun with the following pair dictation:


We will also use our individual whiteboards to dictate our own addresses to each other. It’s perfectly all right to say: “Repeat that, please,” and “Would you spell that for me, please?” and “Is that one word or two?”

The class will make a Venn diagram to compare and contrast the two characters of Erik and Raoul in the gripping and strange story, The Phantom of the Opera.

ESL students sometimes neglect essential little words like “and” and “the.” To focus on these, they will complete the cloze exercise based on Aesop’s fable about a tortoise and a hare.

Hare = a close relative of the rabbit. The words are often used interchangeably.

Fable = a story told to teach a moral lesson. The characters are often animals, but the moral lesson is meant for people.

Cloze exercise = a written exercise where students write in some missing words.

Dreams and Goals

Imagine your ideal life in 10 years. How will it be different from your life now? What will your job be? Where will you be living? Who will you be living with? What will you do with your leisure time? What will you do between now and then to make this a reality?

Election Day in the U.S.

Natural born citizens include people 1) born on U.S. soil (or a U.S. military base 2) born to parents who are U.S. citizens. Only natural-born citizens can become U.S. president.

Naturalized citizens go through the naturalization process. That is usually when a legal permanent resident (Green card) applies for citizenship after a period of time as a legal resident (usually 5 years). The resident will take tests, like U.S. history and government, and eventually be sworn in as a U.S. citizen. That is called Naturalization.

All citizens can vote and serve in every public office except the presidency.

Write-In vote: In many places, if you do not want to vote for any candidate on the ballot, you can “write-in” the name of the person you want to vote for.